I am sure you all must have tasted the world’s sweetest natural dessert, which is known as honey. Honey is nothing but a mixture of sugar and water in layman language. The sugar in the honey consists of Glucose and Fructose. Many of us love to consume golden delicious liquid honey. Today we will be discussing the process behind the making of honey. It’s a tiring job for honey bees and; we utilize the full benefits of their hard work.
How Is Honey Made?
- Firstly, I will take you through basic terminology. Bees have different colonies in a hive. The huge brown color thing which hung on the trees containing sweet golden honey is known as Beehive.
- The Bees which collect raw material to prepare honey are known as Forager Bees.
- A Forager Bee needs to visit different kinds of flowers to collect the nectar. Nectar is a liquid sweet sugary substance, which is available in the flower.
- Forager bees suck the nectar from the flowers through their long sucking tongue like straw and, it’s known as a proboscis.
- When a Bee sucks the nectar from the flower it stores the nectar in their honey stomach, which is not primarily their digestive stomach.
- There is a myth related to bees, that they vomit the honey from their digestive stomach which is a sham.
- Once the bee collects nectar in their honey stomach, enzymes start their work to dilute the nectar to convert it into simple sugars.
- Bees usually travel a radius of 5 miles to collect the nectar, once forager reaches to their hive, they transfer this nectar in the mouth of processing bees.
- This process is done through vomiting nectar in the mouth of processing bees. This process bee takes 30 minutes to convert partially processed nectar into simple sugar.
- This process Bee reduces the water from the nectar and makes it a bit gooey.
Spreading the Honey:
This is the final processing stage of honey. Once the nectar is processed from the processing bee. It’s deposited in the hive this procedure is known as spreading the honey. The Honey is spread in the hive and still, the nectar is not in the best form of honey. To get thickness in the nectar and remove excess water from it. Many Bees hover on top of nectar and start fanning. Due to this, the excess water is evaporated in the form of vapor and we get thick gooey substance known as Honey.
Capping the Substance:
Honey is ready and now it’s time to store the honey for a later stage of their lifecycle. Once the water is evaporated Bees do capping on the honey through Beeswax. This is a sticky substance secreted from their abdomen. The capping process a bit complicated and intense from the Bees. These Bees gets these wax substance from the glands which are present on their abdomen.
What Bees Need to Make Honey
Bees are hardworking insects. There are differences in the Bees. Bees need nectar, water, and enzymes to prepare honey. While collecting nectar, bees also collect pollen grains from the flowers. Their hair on the legs of bees where they stick the pollen grains. Pollen grains are full of protein. This pollen is consumed by larvae. If any nectar collecting Bee is on low on energy, she can consume the nectar which is collected by them. The queen and male drones get the protein through the substance commonly known as royal jelly. This liquid substance secreted from the Worker Bees.
The Make-Up of Honey
Honey is one of the world’s few liquid substances that has a long shelf life. Honey doesn’t spoil until it’s away from water and air. So you can enjoy your delicious honey without any deadline and fear of spoiling. Honey contains Vitamin B, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, calcium, iron, zinc, potassium, magnesium, chromium which are essential minerals for the human body.
A Few Fascinating Facts About Honey Production
- Many beauty industries honey as their main ingredients in shampoos, lotions, face washes, etc
- Honey is a natural soother for cough and sore throat. Honey has medicinal properties that cure cough and sore throat with ease.
- Many parasites can harm the human body and cause sickness. A mixture of equal parts honey, vinegar, and water is all you need to kill off the parasites. Drink this concoction for several days if you suspect you have parasites or even as a general body cleanse.
- Honey has been shown to help treat seasonal allergies. Sufferers can use locally produced honey to build up immunity to local plants that trigger allergies. One teaspoon of honey each day will allow your system to build up immunity to pollen before the season begins. Local honey is required because it contains the allergens of the local plants.